Monday, March 2, 2015

Earth & Climate News -- ScienceDaily

Earth science research and news. Read science articles on air quality, geology, meteorology, oceanography, paleontology and science and the environment.
Earth & Climate News -- ScienceDaily
  1. Core work: Iron vapor gives clues to formation of Earth and moon
    One of the world's most powerful radiation sources provides scientists clues about Earth's formation and how iron vaporizes.
  2. Munching bugs thwart eager trees, reducing the carbon sink
    Hungry, plant-eating insects may limit the ability of forests to take up elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, reducing their capacity to slow human-driven climate change, a new study suggests.
  3. Conservation organizations need to keep up with nature, experts say
    In order to cope, conservation organizations need to adapt like the organisms they seek to protect, a new paper suggests, arguing that conservation organizations need to be bolder in their adaptation efforts given the rate and extent of the ecological changes that are coming.
  4. Blend of polymers could one day make solar power lighter, cheaper and more efficient
    Scientists are reporting advances on how to one day make solar cells stronger, lighter, more flexible and less expensive when compared with the current silicon or germanium technology on the market.
  5. Environment may change, but microbiome of queen bees does not
    Researchers have characterized the gut microbiome of honey bee queens. This is the first thorough census of the gut microbiome -- which consists of all the microorganisms that live in the gut of the organism -- in queen bees.
  6. On-board school bus filtration system reduces pollutants by 88 percent
    An on-board air filtration system developed specifically for school buses reduces exposure to vehicular pollutants by up to 88 percent, according to a new study.
  7. Norwegian mammals and birds have many different methods of surviving long, intense winter nights
    Norwegian mammals and birds have many different methods of surviving long, intense winter nights. A biologist reveals their secrets for survival.
  8. ‘Superhero vision’ technology measures European lake’s water quality from space
    An international team of researchers has demonstrated a way to assess the quality of water on Earth from space by using satellite technology that can visualize pollution levels otherwise invisible to the human eye through 'Superhero vision'.
  9. Green light for the world's first intelligent oil pipelines
    Electronics installed in Norwegian oil pipelines have been tested both at sea and in transport vessel reeling simulations. All that now remains is to install them offshore. Researchers have been developing oil pipelines that can provide real-time condition monitoring reports by means of transmitting data to shore.
  10. Enhancing high-temperature tolerance in plants: Effective on rice and tomatoes
    Agricultural researchers have identified for the first time that theE-2-hexenal, a plant-derived chemical substance, can induce a plant's stress response to high temperatures.