Thursday, June 30, 2016

PNNL Research Highlights

Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate
  1. Decoding the Jet Stream Response to Global Warming
    The jet stream influences weather patterns over the northern mid-latitude region, a place most of the world's people call home. Like an atmospheric "steering wheel," the jet stream directs cold fronts and propels warm fronts eastward around the globe. The residents in the mid-latitudes are familiar with typical weather events driven by the jet stream. Yet, like dropping a powerful rock in the atmospheric "pond," climate forcing from greenhouse gases can provoke the jet stream to shift in unexpected ways.
  2. Rasch, a Sailing Scientist, Shares Climate Change Insights
    In a recent interview, author Paul Vandevelder tapped Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Dr. Philip Rasch for his expertise in climate science—his passion for sailing is a bonus.
  3. A Painstaking Proteogenomic Look at the Inner Workings of Tumors
    Results: In what is believed to be the largest study of its kind, scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Johns Hopkins University, and collaborators from institutions across the nation have examined the collections of proteins in the tumors of 169 ovarian cancer patients to identify critical proteins present in their tumors.
  4. Richard Moss to Guide Next Phase of US National Climate Assessment
    Congratulations to Dr. Richard H. Moss, a scientist working at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI), appointed to chair the 15-member Advisory Committee for the Sustained National Climate Assessment announced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration June 29th.
  5. PNNL Climate Scientist Chand Consulted for ClimateWire Story
    ClimateWire's article "Do clouds + smoke = climate change? Africa may have answers" explores how a farmer burning his fields in Africa might contribute to cooling the planet. It considers a $1 million study-funded by NASA and the Department of Energy—which is the first of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere.
  6. New Material Has Potential to Cut Costs and Make Nuclear Fuel Recycling Cleaner
    Researchers are investigating a new material that might help in nuclear fuel recycling and waste reduction by capturing certain gases released during reprocessing. Conventional technologies to remove these radioactive gases operate at extremely low, energy-intensive temperatures. By working at ambient temperature, the new material has the potential to save energy, make reprocessing cleaner and less expensive. The reclaimed materials can also be reused commercially.
  7. A New Way to Model the Complex Metabolism of Microbial Communities
    Communities of microorganisms live in and on and around all forms of life on Earth and in the planet’s atmosphere and oceans. Microbes account for a third of all planetary biomass and play vital roles in both sustaining human life and global ecosystems.
  8. Digging into Clouds from the Bottom Up
    What does a cloud scientist do when they can't visit every cloud to measure its properties? Make the cloud come to you! Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) got creative with the data they already have to calculate a cloud property normally acquired by research aircraft flying through it. What is this valuable measurement they seek? The cloud droplet number concentration provides insight into how reflective and long-lasting a cloud is. That measurement helps researchers calculate the amount of sunlight energy that hits Earth's surface—a measurement used to understand Earth's energy budget.
  9. Invited Reviews Showcase Analytical Research by Two Early Career Scientists
    Congratulations to Dr. Grant Johnson and Dr. Patrick El-Khoury at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on being invited to write articles for the emerging investigator issue of Analyst, published by the Royal Society of Chemistry. They joined 47 other early career researchers in sharing the analytical techniques they've devised to make discoveries about the world around us. Their articles appear in the journal's June 21 issue.
  10. Richard Moss Attains Honor as a National Research Council Associate
    Congratulations to Dr. Richard H. Moss, a scientist working at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI), who was recently appointed a National Associate of the National Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. The National Academies reserve the associate designation for those with extraordinary service in performing pro bono publico for the NRC. Out of the thousands of dedicated and eminent individuals, Moss is one of a small number chosen for this distinct honor in 2016.