Science at PNNL
With a President from PNNL, ISME Launches a Worldwide Symposium in Montreal
Microbes and Montreal. What could bring together Canada's
second largest city and the tiny organisms that (arguably) rule the
environment, health, and even Earth's climate?
Day Two of ISME16: Microbe Fans Unite
On Tuesday afternoon Aug. 23, the following tweet went out
from a conference hall in Montreal: "Being able to study plasmids in soils,
rhizosphere is so exciting!"
Brian Thrall Honored in NIEHS Feature for PNNL Nanotoxicology Work
Carbon Capture and Conversion Together in Solution Reduces Energy Demands
To convert carbon dioxide captured at
coal-fired power plants into valuable chemicals requires an energy-intense
exchange between the carbon being a gas or trapped in liquid. Avoiding the
exchange could reduce the amount of energy used. The challenge is in understanding
how the carbon dioxide acts in a liquid state. The behavior of the gaseous
state is well known. Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
showed that carbon dioxide in solution is reactive and concentrated, far
different from the stable and diffuse gaseous state.
Light Strikes Gold to Create Better Catalysts
of gold are highly stable and have other attractive features suitable for use
in certain industrial applications. However, it's been difficult to control the
size and shape of single-crystal nanostructures. Recently, scientists revealed
a specialized strategy that lets them synthesize a plethora of hexagonal or
triangular gold crystals. The research team is from the University of Florida,
Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
For BioTechniques, Janet Jansson Weighs in on Sciences Ways of Unlocking Microbial Communities
Vastly ubiquitous microbial communities live on, in, and
around everything on Earth, from within the human gut to across the biggest
ocean. But they are as little known as they are vital to life, health, and the
environment. In soil alone, 99 percent of microbial species have yet to be isolated.
Transformations: Fundamental Catalysis Enabling Zero-Carbon-Footprint Future, Scale-up of Aviation Biofuels from Alcohols, Five Cents about Nickel Catalysts
The August 2016 issue of the Institute for Integrated
Catalysis' (IIC's) Transformations
recognizes innovation in catalysis. The lead story, written by IIC Director Johannes Lercher, describes the potential of
catalysis to enable a zero-carbon-footprint future. Also featured is a
milestone reached in aviation biofuels by Pacific Northwest National
Laboratory and industry partner LanzaTech.
Sugar Hitches a Ride on Organic Sea Spray
the airport, travelers catch a taxi, Uber, or bus ride to their next stop. Seafaring
sugar molecules floating near the ocean's surface take a similar tack. Instead
of taxis, they hitch a ride on oily molecules floating by.
PNNLs Vanessa Bailey Helps Pen an Eos Article on a Workshop to Advance Soil Science
Adding to increased national attention on the importance of
soil to Earth's ecosystems, health, and climate, PNNL microbiologist Vanessa
Bailey co-authored a meeting report on soil carbon science imperatives that
went online Aug. 12 in the journal Eos.
How Does the Wind Blow?
If wind were a steady, constant stream,
wind energy production would be a snap. Trapping its capricious nature requires
complex calculations and expert engineering. Predicting wind power requires
additional twists and turns.