Tuesday, September 27, 2016

PNNL Research Highlights

Science at PNNL
  1. Will Shaw Appointed to the JRSE Editorial Advisory Board
    When the editors of the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy (JRSE) invited Dr. William Shaw to join the Editorial Advisory Board, they tagged him as a "well-respected scientist in the community." Because the JRSE uses an interdisciplinary approach, they attract scientific input from around the world and across a diverse range of active and expanding fields. Shaw's areas of specialty include the structure and energetics of the atmospheric boundary layer, turbulence, and atmospheric measurements. For most of the last decade, he has applied this expertise to the wind energy arena.
  2. Arun Devaraj Featured in PNNL Director's Column in Tri-City Herald
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory materials scientist Arun Devaraj was featured in Lab Director Steve Ashby's monthly column in the Tri-City Herald. In "Making better stuff," Ashby described materials research at PNNL.
  3. CENATE Adds Powerful Testbed from NVIDIA
    In September, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Center for Advanced Technology Evaluation, or CENATE, expanded its capabilities for measuring and modeling advanced technologies with the addition of a leading-edge DGX-1 system from NVIDIA Corp.
  4. Capturing those Beguiling BVOCs
    Results: Our atmosphere—and our climate—are challenged by chemistry. Biogenic organic compounds, or BVOCs, are part of the chemical atmospheric soup that confronts scientists.
  5. PNNL is Part of Virgin Atlantic Airlines' Plan to Fly on Biofuels
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been working with industry partner, LanzaTech, to convert alcohols derived from captured carbon monoxide, a byproduct in the production of steel, into synthetic paraffinic kerosene, a non-fossil-based jet fuel. The technology not only provides a viable source of sustainable jet fuel but also reduces the amount of greenhouse gasses emitted into the atmosphere.
  6. Estimates of Diesel Soot Pollution Will Help Arctic Environment
    Results: Engines that burn diesel can spew a large amount of pollution containing soot particles. These particles have an impact on health and climate in some of the world's most sensitive regions. Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory developed a detailed inventory of Russian diesel soot emissions in cooperation with Russian partners.
  7. Plutonium Keeps Its Electrons Close to Home
    Found in nuclear fuel and nuclear weapons, plutonium is an incredibly complex element that has far-ranging energy, security, and environmental effects. To understand plutonium, scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Washington State University delved into a plutonium compound with a relatively simple composition: plutonium tetrafluoride (PuF4). While the formula is simple, the four bonds proved to be more complex. The electrons stay relatively close to each atom, creating ionic bonds -- not the expected electron-sharing covalent bonds. Even though the plutonium and fluorine atoms are tied together in a lattice, they act as isolated atoms and form ionic bonds.
  8. Jim De Yoreo Selected for MRS Lectureship
    Congratulations to Dr. Jim De Yoreo, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, on receiving the 2016 David Turnbull Lectureship. This honor, presented by the Materials Research Society (MRS), recognizes how De Yoreo's work has shaped the world's understanding of crystallization science.
  9. A Global View of Energy Use for Water
    Defining the role that energy plays in acquiring and accessing water will be significant to understand its importance to regions, industries, communities, and the environment.
  10. Global Arrays Gets an Update from PNNL and Intel Corp.
    Scientists Jeff Daily, Abhinav Vishnu, and Bruce Palmer, all from the ACMD Division High Performance Computing group at PNNL, served as the core team for a new release of the Global Arrays (GA) toolkit, known as Version 5.5. GA 5.5 provides additional support and bug fixes for the parallel Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programing model.